Total population: 4,000,000 to 4,500,000 internationaly (estimated) Critical Populations: Greece: 2,500,000 to 3,000,000 (estimated) Language Pontiac, Greek Orthodox Christian religion called Pontic Greeks, originating from the region of Sea ie the south coast of the Black Sea (Black Sea), present in northeastern Turkey, as well as from the USSR. The presence of Greeks in the Pontus region dates from antiquity to modern times when the majority (Christians mouse) was transferred to Greece in the population exchange that followed the Asia Minor Catastrophe of 1922.
The history of Hellenism in Pontus is establishing formal start of Sinop on the northern coast of Asia Minor Ions sailors around 800 BC Researchers from Sinope founded other cities. The principal of these cities was Trebizond in 783 BC The Greeks of Pontus mentioned by several ancient writers. Pontus descended from the ancient astronomer Heraclides Ponticus and the historian and geographer Strabo. The period after the Ottoman conquest (mostly 18th and 19th century) is characterized by migration in southern Russia and the Caucasus, where generating large Pontian communities.  In his Extracts from the East (1845) Jacob Philipp Fallmerayer describes his contacts with Christian Greek-speaking Pontian, encountered traveling the Black Sea. Be identified in them as "Byzantine Greeks" and their language as "the Greek Matsoukas".  describes them as Greek speakers in the foreground Panagia Sumela.  For the origin of the current Pontian living in Greece are still many discussions . The prevailing opinion in Greece is that it is the offspring of those ancient Pontian Greeks who once lived in the area , of course with the inevitable influences of Laz, Georgians, Armenians and other neighboring laous.Oi Pontiac characterized by strong elements of tradition and customs who transferred from Pontus. The dances, the Pontian dialect and some of the traditions preserved until today.
In Pontian dances, men and women usually form a circle and grabbed by the wrists. Dancing with the body erect, feet slightly apart and your hands raised and once before with bent elbows. The body follows, faithfully rhythmic and synchronized movements (especially the buttocks), small increments of feet.  Pontic dance performed to the accompaniment of music by playing the kementze kementzetzis (lyre), which often stands in the center of the circle . At outdoor festivals, the music comes from Tulum (ascites, bagpipes) and taoul (tabor, zourna) or kementze and tambourine.
Typical Pontian dances
Most renowned Pontian dances is the dance conservatory war, which many associate with the ancient pyrrhic dance and dance Pitsaki or knives. Below is a list of the most significant Pontian dances. From everything Aneforitsa and Mrs. Armatsouk Archoulamas: Is Pontian dance from the region of Bafras. The officers used the zournas and tabor or lyre and kemanes. It is danced in a closed circle of men and women. The rate is 9/8. Atsapat Getiere Giouvarlantoum from region Ak Dag Maten company Kalon korits: it comes from the region of Matsoukas, near Trabzon. It took its name from the lyrics of the song: Kalon korits desirable to korits good: blessed k underside choran seems achkemon in HAND in fotagmenon (Good girl and blessed, foreigners seem ugly to me beautiful). It is a form of double teak. Pounar Kara (Black Fountain) Pafras area. Kizela Kotsaris Letsina Pocket smoothly, with the following variations: only the area of Tzimmerias the region of Kars Kounichton or Garasaris the region of Trebizond (Trabzon Kerasous Argyroupolis Kizlar Kaitesi, region Pafras Kizlar Altamasi (Dance suicide), region Pafras . Outsai Patoulis, region or Pafras Pitsaki Dance of knives Cera Seranitsa Pseftosera Tech or burn, guerrilla dance area Pafras. Titara Argyroupolis single Tik Trigona Trifon peat, Pafras area. Tsourtougouzous Hala Hala: Is Dancing region Kakatsis (Argyroupolis pt Gümüşhane ). usually plays with lyre (kementze) and accompanied by a song. danced in a closed cycle. enneasimos rate is 9/8. Halas, the region Ak Dag Maten
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